Tuesday, May 24, 2011

Rose Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus)

tapak dara rose periwinkle

Common names
Indonesian: Kembang Tapak Dårå, Kembang Sari Cina (Java); Kembang Tembaga Beureum (Sundanese); Sindapor (Celebes); Tapak Dara
English: Madagascar Periwinkle, Cape Periwinkle, Rose Periwinkle, Rosy Periwinkle, Old-maid, Pink Periwinkle, Vinca

It is an evergreen subshrub or herbaceous plant growing to 1 m tall. The leaves are oval to oblong, 2.5–9 cm long and 1–3.5 cm broad, glossy green, hairless, with a pale midrib and a short petiole 1–1.8 cm long; they are arranged in opposite pairs. The flowers are white to dark pink with a darker red centre, with a basal tube 2.5-3 cm long and a corolla 2–5 cm diameter with five petal-like lobes. The fruit is a pair of follicles 2–4 cm long and 3 mm broad.

The species has long been cultivated for herbal medicine and as an ornamental plant. In traditional Chinese medicine, extracts from it have been used to treat numerous diseases, including diabetes, malaria, and Hodgkin's disease. The substances vinblastine and vincristine extracted from the plant are used in the treatment of leukemia.

This is my mom's favorite plants, especially the white ones.

Scientific Classification of Rose periwinkle:
Scientific classification of Rose Periwinkle - Catharanthus roseus
Superdomain Neomura
Domain Eukaryota Whittaker & Margulis, 1978lifeforms with nucletic cells
(unranked) Archaeplastida Adl et al. 2005
Kingdom Plantae Haeckel, 1866plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta -  Seed plants
Division Angiospermae Lindley  [P.D. Cantino & M.J. Donoghue]; atau Magnoliophyta Cronquist, Takht. & W.Zimm., 1966 flowering plants
clade Eudicots Doyle & Hotton, 1991
clade Core eudicots Doyle & Hotton, 1991
clade: Asterids
clade: Euasterids I
Order Gentianales Lindley, 1833
Family Apocynaceae A.L. de Jussieu, 1789 - dogbane family
Genus Catharanthus G.Don, 1837 - periwinkle
Species C. roseus
Binomial/Scientific name: Catharanthus roseus (Linnaeus) G.Don
Synonyms 
Vinca rosea L.
Ammocallis rosea (L.) Small
Lochnera rosea
(L.) Reichenb. ex Spach

Camera phone photos of Rose periwinkle:
Foto bunga tapak dara merah catharantus roseus 3
tapak dara 11_edited
Foto bunga tapak dara merah catharantus roseus 4tapak dara 07_edited
tapak dara putih
tapak dara 04_editedtapak dara 12_edited
tapak dara 28_edited
tapak dara 09_editedtapak dara 16_edited
rose periwinkle 06
rose periwinkle 13rose periwinkle 10
rose periwinkle 12rose periwinkle
tapak dara 37_edited
Photos of Rose Periwinkle (Catharathus roseus) were taken using a camera phone Sony Ericsson K800i in the yard in Pasar Rebo, East Jakarta, Indonesia.

References:
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catharanthus_roseus
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catharanthus
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apocynaceae
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gentianales
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asterids
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Core_eudicots
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flowering_plant
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spermatophyta
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vascular_plant
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archaeplastida
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eukaryota
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neomura
  • taxonomicon.taxonomy.nl/TaxonTree.aspx?id=9463&tree=0.1
  • www.biolib.cz/en/taxonposition/id128887/ 

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4 comments:

Jason Ralls said...

Nice plant. Very cool info on the medicinal uses.

http://knowledgeiswonderful.blogspot.com/

amatterofhowyouseeit.com said...

I love that one flower is pink and the rest white with colorful centers. And thank you for all the interesting information.

Anna said...

Very nice plant.
And thank you for visiting my blog in the past.
Anna :)

Vega said...

I have also this flower this one different from other flower thanks for sharing these all information about this.
print house

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