Sesbania grandiflora (also known as agati, syn. Aeschynomene grandiflora) or hummingbird tree/scarlet wisteria is a small tree in the genus Sesbania. Sesbania is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae and the only genus found in Tribe Sesbanieae.
It is believed to have originated either in India or Southeast Asia and grows primarily in hot and humid tropical areas of the world.
The flowers of S. grandiflora are eaten as a vegetable in Southeast Asia, like Laos, Thailand, Java in Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Ilocos Region of the Philippines.
In Indonesia, it is known as Daun Turi, Kacang Turi, Kembang Turi, Turi, and commonly used, especially those who have red flowers like in this post, to treat sprue, dysentery, diarrhea, scabies, chicken pox, sprains, shock, whitish vaginal discharge, cough, beri-beri, headache, sore throat, puerperal fever, production of breast milk, runny nose, cough, rheumatism, wounds.
Besides the red, there are species of this hummingbird tree which has white flowers.
Scientific Classification of Vegetable Hummingbird (Sesbania grandiflora)
Kingdom Plantae Haeckel, 1866 – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division (Phylum) Magnoliophyta - Cronquist, Takhtajan & W. Zimmermann, 1966 - Flowering Plants
Class Magnoliopsida Brongniart, 1843 - Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae - Takhtajan, 1967
Order Fabales Bromhead, 1838
Family Fabaceae lindl.– Pea family
Subfamily Faboideae Rudd
Genus Sesbania Scopoli, 1777, nom. cons. - Riverhemp
Species S. grandiflora
Botanical/Scientific name: Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poiret – Vegetable Hummingbird
Synonym Agati grandiflora (L.) Desv.
Photos of Red Vegetable Hummingbird (Sesbania grandiflora) flowers were taken using a camera phone Sony Ericsson K800i in ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia (in my father-in-law’s front yard).