Tuesday, April 19, 2011

Passion-Flower Family Plant: White Alder (Turnera subulata)

white alder Turnera subulata bunga pukul delapan 02
Common names:
English: White Alder, Politician's Flower, White Butter Cup, W. Indian holly, sage rose, holly rose
Indonesia:  Bunga pukul delapan, lidah kucing (Java)

White Alder is a perennial herb, often woody at the base, 30-80 cm high, with a frequently very strong taproot. Native to West Indies, Brazil, and Central America, White Alder sports white flowers with yellow halo around black centers. Stems cylindrical, leafy over a considerable length, densely hairy. Leaves not crowded, ovate-elliptic or ovate-oblong, very distinctly dentate-serrate. Flowers in the higher leaf-axils. Petals with a slightly hairy, 3-4 mm long claw, blade obovate, broadly rounded, entire, above the claw glabrous, finally above the base much spreading or subreflexed.

In Indonesia, leaves and roots of this medicinal plant commonly used to treat digestive disorders (such as abdominal bloating, no appetite), arthritic joints accompanied by swelling, swelling due to bruising, and weak after recovering from serious illness.

There are a few of these White Alder plants in the side yard, along with some Yellow Alder plants at home in Pasar Rebo, East Jakarta, Indonesia.

Scientific Classification of White Alder (Turnera subulata)
Kingdom Plantae Haeckel, 1866 – Plants
Subkingdom TracheobiontaVascular plants
Superdivision SpermatophytaSeed plants
Division (Phylum) Magnoliophyta - Cronquist, Takhtajan & W. Zimmermann, 1966 - Flowering Plants
Class Magnoliopsida Brongniart, 1843 – Dicotyledons
Order Order Malpighiales C. Martius, 1835
Family Passifloraceae A.L. de Jussieu ex Roussel, 1806, nom. cons. - Passion-Flower family
Subfamily Turneroideae (Kunth ex A.P. de Candolle, 1828) Eaton, 1836
Genus Turnera C. Linnaeus, 1753
Species T. subulata
Botanical/Scientific name: Turnera subulata Sm. (1817)

references:
  • commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Turnera_subulata
  • www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/White%20Alder.html
  • www.iptek.net.id/ind/pd_tanobat/view.php?mnu=2&id=209
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Scientific_classification
  • http://taxonomicon.taxonomy.nl/TaxonTree.aspx?id=96838&tree=0.1
  • www.biolib.cz/en/taxonposition/id106739/
  • zipcodezoo.com/Plants/T/Turnera_subulata/
white alder Turnera subulata bunga pukul delapan 01
Turnera subulata_Bunga Pukul Delapan_White Alder 2Turnera subulata_Bunga Pukul Delapan_White Alder 1
white alder Turnera subulata bunga pukul delapan 08
white alder Turnera subulata bunga pukul delapan 09
white alder Turnera subulata bunga pukul delapan  07
Turnera-subulata_Pasar-Rebo_DEYellow Alder and White Alder Flower

Photos of  White Alder  (Turnera subulata) Flowers were taken using a camera phone Sony Ericsson K800i in Pasar Rebo, East Jakarta, Indonesia.

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2 comments:

nurrahmanarif said...

wah rajin sekali bikin blog, moga bermanfaat..capek juga post dan editing ketikan plus bikin gambar2nya he3

daisugi said...

amin..mumpung lagi rajin, jadi dikerjain dan dinikmatin aja he3 :-)

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